AOR, Astaxanthin Ultra, 60 vcaps
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Astaxanthin Ultra - 60 softgels, aor vitamins supplements
AOR, Astaxanthin Ultra, 60 vcaps is manufactured by AOR Supplements
Astaxanthin Ultra, Astaxanthin
- A unique and powerful antioxidant
- Improves eye function
- Supports healthy blood sugars and blood pressure
- May improve physical endurance
is a unique carotenoid that offers
exceptional protection to the cell membrane from lipid peroxidation and
helps maintain ocular health.
Astaxanthin Ultra is now in a vegetarian capsule for improved capsule integrity and quality control.
|Serving Size: 1 Vegi-Cap
|Amount Per Serving
|Haematococcus pluvialis extract (4 mg Astaxanthin)
|Non-medicinal ingredients: mixed
tocopherols (may contain soy), modified food starch, medium chain
triglycerides, gum Arabic, tapioca dextrin, maltodextrin, ascorbyl
palmitate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, polyglycerol esters of fatty
acids. Capsule: hypromellose, titanium dioxide.
• STORE TIGHTLY CLOSED IN A COOL, DRY PLACE •
that no ingredients not listed on the label have been added to the
product. Contains no wheat, gluten, nuts, peanuts, sesame seeds,
sulphites, mustard, dairy, eggs, fish, shellfish or any animal
Adult Dosage: Take 1-2 capsules daily with food, or as directed by a qualified health care practitioner.
Cautions: Consult a health care practitioner for use beyond 3 months.
Pregnancy/Nursing: Consult a health care practitioner prior to use.
- Cardiovascular health
- Eye function
- Sports nutrition
What is Astaxanthin?
Astaxanthin is a member of the xanthophyll subcategory of carotenoids –
organic pigments that occur mainly in plants. Astaxanthin is found in
abundance in marine environments, particularly among algae, and the pink
and red colour of salmon, shrimp and lobster is attributable to the
astaxanthin-rich diets of these animals.
is famous as a powerful antioxidant, and rightly so. However, studies
have also shown that it can reduce eye fatigue related to high screen
time, preserve eye structure and function, improve sports performance,
and contribute to heart health in various ways including maintaining
healthy blood sugar and blood pressure. Astaxanthin can also be used
orally and topically for skin health. The newest realm of research on
astaxanthin involves dementia, and several human studies have already
found that astaxanthin reduces certain markers of dementia.
A Unique and Powerful Antioxidant
exerts all of the aforementioned benefits through the fundamental
premise of protecting the cell membrane from lipid peroxidation, and in
this role it is 550 times more effective than Vitamin E
(alpha-tocopherol). It is also 40 times more potent than beta-carotene
in quenching singlet oxygen free radicals, and has been shown to have
synergistic effects with lycopene, lipoic acid, resveratrol, ascorbic
acid, ginseng, garlic, gingko biloba and tocotrienols, among others.
Astaxanthin is clearly an antioxidant whose time has come.
research is one of the pillars in the study of life extension and
general health. However, antioxidants have been defined rather
ambiguously, and there are literally thousands that have been isolated –
with more being discovered constantly. Therefore, asking what makes a
recently discovered antioxidant like astaxanthin so special is not an
unfair question. The fact of the matter is that there are some
antioxidants that have merited greater scientific interest than others.
These include R(+)-lipoic acid and full-spectrum Vitamin E, among
others. Not only have these antioxidants served us well (and will
continue to do so), they belong to an elite category distinguishing them
from other antioxidants due to their unique properties, mechanisms of
action, central importance and/or exceptional potency. So why does
astaxanthin merit admittance into this exclusive category?
What Makes Astaxanthin So Special?
has a unique molecular structure: its polar end groups have the
distinct ability to attach themselves to both sides of the lipid bilayer
that contains the cell membrane. From this entrenched position,
astaxanthin inhibits the lipid peroxidation of the cell membrane (which
is the ‘gatekeeper of the cell’ -controlling what comes in and out), by
extension protecting the mitochondria and the rest of the cell from
potentially damaging peroxidation.
can also quench free radicals by adding them to its structure rather
than sacrificing an atom or electron, meaning that unlike most
antioxidants, astaxanthin is far less likely to become a mild free
radical in its own right after quenching one. This also allows
astaxanthin to be more biologically active, enabling it to trap and
quench more free radicals – and of a greater variety – than most other
fat-solubility and low molecular weight (less than 600 daltons) allows
it to effectively cross the blood-brain barrier to alleviate oxidative
stress in the eyes, brain and central nervous system. Particular focus
has been paid to astaxanthin’s effect on ocular health, with several
Japanese studies examining its ability to alleviate the symptoms of
asthenopia (eye fatigue). This increasingly common condition is often
caused by overexposure to visual display terminals (VDT’s), and the
aforementioned human studies revealed that astaxanthin (at 5mg per day
for one month) can alleviate asthenopia symptoms by 54%.
believe the mechanism of action for these benefits is based on the
increased ciliary body accommodation, increased retinal blood flow, and
anti-inflammatory properties associated with astaxanthin
supplementation. A small study giving subjects 12 mg of astaxanthin for 4
weeks found that it increased blood flow velocity in the choroid, whose
blood vessels feed the macula. The ciliary body is composed primarily
of an ocular muscle that stretches across the vitreous humour between
the lens and the pupil. Accommodation refers to the ability of the
ciliary body to manipulate the thickness of the lens in order to focus
light on the retina. If the eye is required to focus on a fixed object
for extended periods of time, muscle spasms and other signs of fatigue
may occur. Factors such as the speed at which the ciliary body reacts to
a change in visual focus are used to evaluate improvements (if any) in
the accommodation response.
studies conducted in 2005 determined that the speed of the ciliary
body’s reactions in the astaxanthin group were approximately 46% faster
than those in the placebo group. This means that those taking
astaxanthin were able to spot moving objects that much faster than those
who were not. Furthermore, another placebo-controlled study determined
that astaxanthin can increase retinal blood flow by approximately 11%
(nourishing ciliary muscles) while yet another study (with laboratory
rats) found that astaxanthin can reduce ciliary cell inflammation by
have incorporated astaxanthin into a supplementation program including
lutein, zeaxanthin and other vitamins and minerals. One 2-year study
found that this supplement regime preserved visual acuity and contrast
sensitivity in subjects with age-related macular degeneration.
Astaxanthin has also been studied for its efficacy in addressing the
conditions imposed by type II diabetes. Studies have demonstrated that
astaxanthin was capable of reducing blood glucose levels by nearly 40%
in laboratory mice administered with an Intraperitoneal Glucose
Tolerance Test (IPGTT), as well as preserving pancreatic beta-cells from
oxidative damage and increasing insulin sensitivity. A later study,
also among laboratory mice, revealed that astaxanthin can aid in the
prevention of diabetic nephropathy as measured through the inhibition of
urinary albumin loss and DNA damage – by 67% and 50% respectively.
animal studies have shown that astaxanthin can also help reduce high
blood pressure, although this has yet to be shown in human studies. A
recent study tested captopril (an ACE inhibitor to reduce blood
pressure), pioglitazone (a hypoglycemic drug) and 3 doses of astaxanthin
on rats. They found that while the drugs each exerted a single
mechanism of action, moderate and high doses of astaxanthin improved
insulin sensitivity, reduced elevated blood pressure and reduced stress
The first human study has finally shown that 12 mg/day of
astaxanthin for 3 months significantly reduced elevated triglycerides
and increased HDL cholesterol and adiponectin, a protein involved in
regulating blood sugar levels and fatty acid metabolism. High
adiponectin levels are associated with lower body fat and may suppress
metabolic syndrome conditions such as diabetes, atherosclerosis and
has also been studied for its effect on dyspepsia (digestive problems in
the upper abdominal region). An Australian study in 1999 among ten
patients with non-ulcerous dyspepsia resulted in astaxanthin
supplementation (at 40 mg daily for 21 days) reducing gastric pain,
heartburn and total clinical symptoms by 66%, 78%, and 52% respectively.
A much larger randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study
conducted among 131 patients in Lithuania, Denmark and Sweden produced
similar results along a dose-dependent basis.
Astaxanthin’s anti-oxidant effects are also beneficial in skin
treatments. Studies have shown that oral supplementation with
astaxanthin reduces skin dryness and fine lines while improving moisture
content and elasticity. One study showed that 6 mg of oral astaxanthin
supplementation along with topical application for 8 weeks appeared to
improve the condition of all 3 layer types of skin in both men and
women. It even helped reduce the size of age spots.
Finally, astaxanthin has been examined for its sports-nutrition
applications, particularly with respect to endurance athletes. In 1998, a
six-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among
healthy Swedish men found that supplementation with 4mg of astaxanthin
daily increased the number of knee bends these men were able to perform
by approximately 45%. A 2002 study among Japanese track athletes found
that at a dose of 6 mg daily for 1 month, lactic acid buildup following a
1,200-metre run was reduced by nearly 29%.
A recent study on
competitive cyclists who took 4 mg of astaxanthin for 4 weeks revealed
that the test group was able to shave an average of 121 seconds off a
20km time trial while the placebo group only shaved off 19 seconds. The
test group also had an increased power output of 20W while the placebo
group only increased by 1.6W. These types of results make a large
difference for competitive athletes. Another 90 day study on elite
soccer players found that astaxanthin reduced oxidative stress from
training and competition as indicated by increased sulphydril groups and
lower basal and post-exercise aspartate aminotransferase and creatine
kinase activity compared to the placebo group.
Dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and amyloid-β are the new trends in
research with our aging population. At least two human studies have
already found that only 6 mg of astaxanthin helped reduce abnormal
phospholipid hydroperoxide and amyloid-β accumulation in red blood
cells, both of which have been linked to the development of dementia or
are and will no doubt continue to dominate health regimens concerned
with improving overall health and slowing the aging process. One of the
most potent and powerful antioxidants available is astaxanthin.
astaxanthin is sourced from algae and is a particularly strong
antioxidant. Because of its structure, it provides antioxidant
protection, in a way that is unique to astaxanthin and to cell
membranes, which is essential to prevent cellular damage. It has been
shown that the antioxidant and biological activity of astaxanthin was
greater than those of other potent antioxidants such as Vitamin E and
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